Who Is a Candidate for LASIK?
LASIK has received a lot of attention recently for its potential to restore someone’s vision. At the same time, the outcomes of LASIK procedures are largely dependent on whether or not the patient meets a certain set of criteria. The checklist below may be used by an eye doctor in Toledo to decide who should receive LASIK.
The Eyes Must Be Healthy
In order for a patient to receive LASIK, the eyes need to be healthy. If there is any condition that will impact the ability of the eyes to heal after surgery, this must be treated before someone can receive laser eye surgery. Some of the most common issues that might prevent someone from receiving LASIK include:
- Untreatable dry eyes
- Co-existing eye diseases like glaucoma
- Problems with the shape of the eye (like keratoconus) or with the cornea like scarring
- Young age (as the eye is still growing and changing)
Some of these conditions are treatable and once they are resolved, the eye doctor can re-evaluate the possibility of LASIK with the patient.
The Corneal Thickness Must Be Sufficient
Most surgical procedures, such as LASIK, restore someone’s vision by reshaping the surface of the cornea. If someone’s cornea is too thin, this could compromise the results of the procedure, possibly making someone’s vision worse. For example, some individuals suffer from keratoconus, which is a serious ocular abnormality that impacts the thickness of the cornea.
Recently, there are some advances that have opened new doors for patients with thin corneas. For example, a femtosecond laser could be used to preserve more of the cornea during laser treatment. There could also be alternatives that don’t involve surgery at all. Individuals should talk with their eye doctor to make sure their corneas are thick enough for LASIK.
The Current Eye Prescription Must Be Within a Certain Range
There are limits to the refractive errors that can be corrected with LASIK. Some people have very high ocular prescriptions for conditions such as astigmatism, nearsightedness, and farsightedness. If the prescription is too high, the ocular surgeon may advise against undergoing LASIK following an eye exam in Toledo.
If someone with major refractive errors undergoes LASIK, the results are less predictable. The doctor may have to remove too much of the cornea, opening the doors for other ocular complications. As a result, the financial costs and health risks might not be worth the risk. There are other treatment options available for those with extreme refractive errors.
The Current Refractive Errors Must Be Stable
Most eye surgeons will not perform LASIK on teenagers because they are still growing and developing. During this time, the eyes are changing, and their current eye prescriptions will change with it. This means that if LASIK is performed, the refractive errors might simply return as the eyes grow.
Anyone interested in LASIK must have had a stable vision prescription for at least 12 months before surgery. Those who are interested in learning more about LASIK should meet with an eye doctor in Toledo. Contact Vision Associates today to find out how we can help you!