Eye Problems And Diabetes: What You Need To Know  

Whether you have diabetes or a loved one has recently been diagnosed with the disease, it’s important to understand the link between diabetes and vision. Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness in adults and knowing what to watch for when it comes to your eye health and controlling your diabetes can be an important part of early problem detection.

Here, we’ll look at the different visual conditions that can be associated with diabetes, as well as what you can do to keep your vision healthy as a diabetic.


Normally, the lens of your eye allows you to see images clearly. Sometimes, a cataract forms, creating a clouding of the lens, making it difficult to see. Many people get cataracts as they age, but they’re more common and tend to progress more quickly in people who have diabetes. If you think you may have cataracts, it’s important to talk to your eye doctor to see if surgical removal is an option for you.

Blurry Vision

Problems with your blood sugar can cause the lens of the eye to swell. This can result in temporary blurry vision. While this condition will often resolve quickly, it’s still important to mention it to both your eye doctor and your primary care physician so they can be sure that it’s not related to something more serious.

Diabetic Retinopathy

High blood sugar levels due to uncontrolled diabetes are related to problems with the blood vessels in the retina. Diabetic retinopathy is characterized by bleeding, swelling, or leaking blood vessels in the retina. The retina takes in light in your eyes and sends it to your optic nerve, which then transmits images to your brain. If diabetic retinopathy persists, blindness can quickly follow. Early detection is key.


Glaucoma is a condition characterized by a buildup of pressure in the eyes. Glaucoma is more likely to occur in people who have diabetes. Pressure buildup can cause damage to the nerves and structures in the eye, which can lead to vision problems.

Concerned About Diabetes And Your Vision? What To Do Next

If you’re worried about your vision health and its connection to diabetes, it’s a smart move to schedule appointments with both your eye doctor and your primary care provider. They’ll be able to talk with you about your personal diabetes prognosis and develop strategies that you can implement to keep your vision as healthy as possible.